REPORT OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL
“THE SITUATION IN SOMAliA”
TO THE TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE OF FOREIGN MINISTERS
OUAGADOUGOU – BURKINA FASO, 28 JUNE – 1 JULY 1999
- The situation in Somalia continues to be one of most complex conflicts in the African continent, despite the relentless efforts put in by the international and regional organizations to re-establish peace and national unity and re-build this country which is torn apart by fratricidal feuds during the past seven(7) years.
- The Secretary General regrets the events which took place here in January and February 1999, and which resulted in many casualties. He notes with concern recent reports on the involvement of neighbouring countries in supporting various parties to the conflict and appeals to people to observe the UN embargo on arms sales to the warring factions in Somalia.
- The Secretary General notes however that the conflict has been less intense these past years and that this was instrumental in facilitating a negotiated solution which could lead to national unity and a central authority.
- In 1998, several agreements were reached by the opposing factions on establishing zonal authorities responsible for peace in their respective areas. These agreements led to the re-opening of several ports and other ways of communication. The Secretary General encourages such positive developments in as much as they do not jeopardize the unity and integrity of Somalia.
- The Secretary General also notes with satisfaction the decision by Hussein Aidid, the head of his own faction, to formally give up the title of "President". Such a decision, according to the Secretary General, is likely to facilitate the search for a negotiated solution.
- The Secretary General pays a sincere tribute to His Excellency President Hosni Mubarak whose commendable initiative was most instrumental in helping the Somalian factions to sign a peace accord in December 1997 during their meeting in Cairo.
- The Secretary General once again appeals to the Somalian factions to observe the commitments made at various international meetings and conferences and to implement, in particular, the various provisions of the Cairo Accord.
- Based on resolution NO.11/25-P, the Secretary General’s proposal is that a contact group for Somalia be set up which should hold its first meeting on the fringes of the current Ministerial session. The contact group should examine optimal ways for the convening of a conference on Somalia.
- The Secretary General appeals to the OIC Member Countries and to Islamic humanitarian organizations to make an active contribution to the assistance funds managed by UN agencies for Somalia for 1999.
- The Secretary General submits this report to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers for consideration and appropriate decision.