REPORT OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL
“THE NON-PRoliFERATION TREATY REVIEW CONFERENCE IN THE YEAR 2000”
TO THE TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE OF FOREIGN MINISTERS
OUAGADOUGOU – BURKINA FASO, 28 JUNE – 1 JULY 1999
This issue was itemized for the first time in the Agenda of the Eighth (8th) Islamic Summit Conference and taken up again at the twenty-fifth (25th) Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM).
2. The Year 2000 Conference on Revising the Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty is expected to be highly useful in assessing the degree of compliance by the nuclear weapon States and the non-nuclear weapon States signatory of the treaty with all its provisions as well as other international treaties and agreements pertaining to the same subject. Therefore, necessity calls for the active and effective participation of Islamic countries member of this Organisation and for following-up the talks relating to the multilateral disarmament negotiations which will be reviewed at the Year 2000 Conference.
3. OIC member States have deployed strenuous and consistent efforts to bring about peace and stability in their areas. Reference should particularly be made to their continuous endeavours to set up nuclear weapon free zones in the Middle East; Africa; and Southern, Central and Southeast Asia. But the fact that there are forces rejecting such a move, like the Israeli entity in the Middle East, for example, prevents the fulfillment of this goal. The Israeli entity is carrying on the development of its nuclear program which never ceases to constitute a major threat to the security of Islamic countries, particularly in the Middle East.
4. It is noteworthy that the decision to hold the Year 2000 Conference to Revise the Nuclear Weapon Non-Proliferation Treaty was taken by virtue of Resolution 50/7-P passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations, December 12, 1995, which encompassed the various provisions of the decisions adopted by the 1995 conference on revising and broadening the scope of the treaty, and Resolution 41/51 whereby the Assembly decided to convene the Year 2000 Conference. The decision was also based on the views of the consultative committee of the International Legal Commission calling for a commitment on the part of nuclear-weapon States to engage in genuine negotiations on achieving comprehensive nuclear disarmament in the world.
5. The Eighth (8th) Islamic Summit Conference and the Twenty-fifth (25th) Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM), expressing their interest in the would-be conference, urged OIC member States that had signed the treaty to take an active part in the Year 2000 Conference and endeavour therein to rally overall and strong support to the issue of a world free of nuclear weapons. likewise, the Summit and the ICFM urged the treaty’s signatory countries to strongly work for the issue in international for a, in line with Article VI of the Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty, with a view to ensuring the success of that conference and achieving the objective being sought, namely denuclearization.
6. To further highlight the interest, both the Summit and the ICFM also invited the Islamic countries having signed the treaty to have more consultations at expert level, prior to the revision conference in the year 2000 and before the meetings of its preparatory committees, so as to align their positions during the conference. They also urged all signatories of the treaty to bring pressure to bear on Israel to join the treaty and submit its nuclear programs to the system of safeguards set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
7. The Secretary General reiterates the paramount importance for Islamic States to participate in the Year 2000 Conference and act to harmonize their stances before it convenes. At the same time, he invites the Islamic States, who are party to the treaty, to hold a series of meetings within the framework of the OIC, come out with a clear vision on their respective attitudes and agree amongst themselves on drafting a working paper, draft resolution or some recommendations reflecting the member States’ position vis-à-vis the treaty, matters relating to world disarmament as well as the issue of the Israeli nuclear program and the fact that Israel must give way to the regional and international demands to submit its nuclear installations to the IAEA’s decisions and its comprehensive safeguards system.
8. The Secretary General submits the present report to the Twenty-sixth ICFM for consideration and appropriate action.