REPORT OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL
“supPORT FOR THE INITIATIVE OF THE REPUBliC OF KAZAKHSTAN FOR CONVENING THE CONFERENCE ON INTERACTION AND CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES IN ASIA”
TO THE TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE OF FOREIGN MINISTERS
OUAGADOUGOU – BURKINA FASO, 28 JUNE – 1 JULY 1999
During the Eighth Islamic Summit Conference held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Kazakhstan expressed its desire to hold a conference on measures to promote interaction and confidence building in Asia. The Kazakhstan delegation pointed out at the Political Committee that the preparation process for the said conference had reached an advanced stage, as an ad-hoc task force had made considerable progress in defining the various topics and preparing drafts on the main security issues. It added that many an Asian country had expressed its appreciation for the approach in question and voiced its genuine and certain desire to take part in the proceedings of the would-be conference.
2. The delegation made it clear that the States participating in the conference would include some representing the five continents. It affirmed that its country’s initiative already enjoyed the support of a large number of Asian countries as well as international organizations, foremost among which were the United Nations (UN) and the OIC.
3. The Eighth Islamic Summit Conference and the twenty-fifth (25th) Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) welcomed the efforts made by the Republic of Kazakhstan to press ahead with the initiative to hold a conference on Asian interaction and confidence building measures. Both sessions underlined that such a step whose importance could not be overemphasized would be a major contribution to the reinforcement of international security.
4. The two sessions called upon Member States to lend and express their support to the initiative, bearing in mind the possibility of finding appropriate solutions to many a difficult international issue or problem between the countries take part in the proceedings.
5. The Kazakh initiative was prompted by the interest vested by it and OIC member States in achieving peace and fostering security and stability in the world which are as many important requisites for the development and prosperity of their peoples as well as economic, cultural and social progress. Moreover, the evolving and promotion of security and confidence building measures among nations and peoples are part of the principles whose importance is stressed in the charters of the United Nations and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference.
6. Throwing their weight behind this important initiative, the 8th Islamic Summit and the 25th ICFM adopted two resolutions, respectively, on it, reiterating their respect of the principles enshrined in the UN Charter, international law and international legality. They restated their conviction regarding the settlement of differences and disputes by peaceful means and through constructive dialogue conducive to the goal aspired for, namely arriving at a permanent settlement of regional conflicts. likewise, they underpinned the necessity to strictly abide by the principle of regional unity/integrity, non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, and respect of the latter’s sovereignty and stability.
7. Similarly, the two sessions recalled the initiatives put forward by member States regarding regional and international security issues. They condemned the persisting policies of hegemony, political inclinations, military control and the use of force. In the framework of the initiative of Kazakhstan, they called for the establishment of a new mechanism for regional security that would take into account the specificity of inter-state relations, especially the States of the Asian continent.
8. The Secretary General reaffirms the importance of the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan calling for the convening of a conference on measures to enhance interaction and confidence building in Asia. He feels that member States ought to participate in that conference in the context of their keenness to safeguard and promote the interests of Muslim people and their States. Nevertheless, he respects the views submitted by some States who expressed their reservations regarding participation in that conference in case an invitation was addressed to the Israeli entity to take part thereon.
9. The Secretary General is of the view that the encouragement of initiatives designed to build confidence and consolidate security among States and peoples, especially the Muslim people and their countries should come foremost among the patterns which the OIC is endeavoring to create. The reason is that the adoption of such a trend in the event it materializes, would ensure security, stability and peace, not only at the regional and international levels, but bilaterally as well.
10. While recalling the items of the Declarations of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Dakar and Casablanca as well as the Tehran Declaration and the Tehran Vision – – all calling for considerable attention to be given to the issue of confidence, security and solidarity building among member States, the Secretary General invites all member States and regional and international organizations, especially the United Nations, to extend material and technical support in favour of the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan to enable it hold that Conference at its scheduled date.
11. The Secretary General submits the present report to the Twenty-sixth ICFM for consideration and appropriate action.