OF THE EIGHTH SESSION OF THE ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE
(SESSION OF DIGNITY, DIALOGUE, PARTICIPATION)
TEHRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
9-11 SHA’ABAN 1418H
9-11 DECEMBER, 1997)
| At the kind invitation of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Dignity, Dialogue, Participation) was held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, from 9 to 11 Sha’aban 1418H, corresponding to 9-11 December 1997 under the high patronage of His Excellency Seyed Mohammad Khatami, President of the Islamic Republic of Republic of Iran.
2. The Conference was preceded by the meeting of Senior Officials on 2 – 5 Sha’aban 1418H (2-5 December, 1997) and the Preparatory Ministerial Meeting on 6-7 Sha’aban 1418H (6-7 December, 1997).
3. A)- The following Member States attended the Conference:
(ii) MUSLIM COMMUNITIES:
C)- SUBSIDIARY ORGANS:
D)- SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS OF THE OIC:
E) AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS:
F) ISLAMIC FOUNDATIONS AND SOCIETIES:
(i) FORMER OIC SECRETARIES GENERAL:
(ii) OTHER INVITEES:
4. The Conference was inaugurated by His Eminence Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khameni, Leader of the Islamic Revolution of Iran. In his inaugural address His Eminence stated that all members of the OIC form a united body irrespective of any historical, geographical or political diversity. He said that differences and tensions among Member States should be resolved by recourse to wisdom, reason and forbearance. He emphasized that Islam is a religion of humanity, moderation and wisdom. He underlined the need for the Islamic Ummah to acquire confidence, dignity and independence. He said that the OIC should be the symbol of unity for the Muslim countries. He stressed that Islamic countries enjoy precious natural resources as well as academic, industrial and cultural capabilities and the OIC can effectively assist in fostering inter-Islamic cooperation. He highlighted the importance of strengthening the OIC to ensure full implementation of its resolutions. He stressed that problems facing the Islamic Ummah called for strengthening Islamic solidarity and closer cooperation. He said that at the present juncture, the world of Islam is in a calamitous condition. Great problems such as those of Palestine, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Iraq, Kashmir, Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Caucasus and others call for effective action by the leaders of the Islamic world. He said that all Islamic countries should assume a meritorious role in retrieving the rights of the Palestinian people. He praised the brave Palestinian and Lebanese youth for their efforts to gain their legitimate rights. He emphasized that the current situationwas incompatible with Islamic dignity and that Islamic states should takethe initiative to redress the situation. His Eminence said that if we regulateour ties and make them brotherly, we will have power to do so. What canthe U.S. do vis-a-vis the united front of the Islamic countries, rangingfrom Indonesia to North Africa? Today, global arrogance gains hope andstrength through creating discord and disunity in this front. Is it nottime to bolster and strengthen this rank in our own favour? He stressedthat the OIC should play an active role in the economic field. He saidthat Muslim minorities are suffering in some countries due to discriminationand oppression and that it was incumbent on all Muslims to assist them.His Eminence called on the OIC to set up a mechanism to follow up implementationof its decisions. He emphasized the need for establishment of an Inter-ParliamentaryUnion of Islamic Countries, an Islamic Arbitration Tribunal Council andthe translation of the idea of a common market into a reality. His Eminenceunderlined the necessity of allocating a permanent seat in the SecurityCouncil to the OIC with veto right. He also suggested that the OIC couldset up special committees to resolve these issues.
5. His Excellency Dr. Abdellatif FILALI, PrimeMinister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Kingdomof Morocco, in his capacity as the Representative of His Majesty King HassanII, Chairman of the Seventh Islamic Summit Conference delivered the speechof His Majesty to the Summit. His Majesty expressed to His Excellency,President Khatami of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and to the Governmentand people of Iran, his appreciation of the efforts they made to ensurethat this Conference takes place under the best possible conditions. Healso expressed his regret at being unable to attend the Summit due to unforeseendifficulties. His Majesty stressed the role of the OIC in supporting thestruggle of the Palestinian people to regain their inalienable rights andestablish their independent state on national soil with Al-Quds Al-Sharifas its capital. He also praised OIC’s support for the peace process inthe Middle-East based on the agreements concluded and commitments made.His Majesty reviewed the efforts he undertook as Chairman of the SeventhIslamic Summit and Chairman of the Al-Quds Committee to urge the internationalcommunity to assume its responsibilities in having truth prevail and inrejecting any measure affecting the legitimate rights of Arabs and Muslims.He further recalled the initiative of His Majesty which led to the settingup of the "Agency of Bait Mal Al- Quds Al-Sharif", and indicated that ithad started to discharge its mission in terms of preserving the Holy Cityand its sacred places and confronting the Israeli schemes aimed at thefull Judaization of the sacred city. His Majesty highlighted the positiveresults achieved by the Organisation in the settlement of the questionof Bosnia-Herzegovina and the conclusion of the peace agreement betweenthe Moro National Front, on the one hand, and the Government of the Republicof the Philippines, on the other. His Majesty stressed importance of theeconomic aspect in the opening of countries to one another and in creatingactual interaction and practical rapprochement in addition to identifyingshared interests as a basis for a strategy of gradual economic complementarityfounded on the spirit of Islamic solidarity. His Majesty called for consideringways and means of revitalizing the Organisation and enhancing its outputin serving the interests of the Islamic Ummah and solving the problem ofthe scarcity of resources. He commended the efforts made in this respectby the former OIC Secretary General, H.E. Dr. Hamid Al-Gabid, and thoseof the current OIC Secretary General , H.E. Dr. Azeddin Laraki. Finally,His Majesty expressed deep gratitude to his brothers the Kings and Presidentsof Islamic countries for showing full understanding and support duringhis Chairmanship of the Organisation.
6. The Conference unanimously elected His ExcellencySeyed Mohammad Khatami, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as theChairman of the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference.
7. The Conference unanimously elected the Stateof Palestine, the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Republic of Djiboutias Vice-Chairmen. The Kingdom of Morocco was elected as Rapporteur General.
8. In his speech His Excellency Seyed MohammedKhatami, Chairman of the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conferencewelcomed all participants to the Eighth Islamic Summit. He underscoredthe need to find solutions to the problems besetting the Islamic Ummahand to strive to bring Muslim countries to a level commensurate with theirdignity. He recalled the time when the Islamic civilization was at itspeak and indicated that for the Islamic civilization to keep flourishingit would have to adopt to the various issues and needs of humanity. Theestablishment of an "Islamic Civil Society" requires fraternal understandingand mutual assistance as well as the mobilization of both present and futuregenerations. He said that today, it is crucial that Muslims adhere to theircommon heritage, that is Islamic spirituality, notwithstanding their ethical,geographical and social differences. For Muslims, observance of human rightsproceeds from the teachings of Islam. Furthermore, the Islamic civil societyshould neither be oppressive nor oppressed. Heeding its priorities, theIslamic world should contribute to the establishment of a more equitablenew world order. To this end, it needs to determine precisely its positionas well as the means at its disposal. It should also devise realistic andappropriate policies which are likely to promote the necessary types ofsolidarity, in order to participate in decision-making at internationallevel. Finally, His Excellency the President indicated that the OIC shouldbe endowed with the necessary means and be provided with political andmaterial support to ensure effective presence in the international scene,and at the same time ensure meaningful intervention in the settlement ofinternal disputes within the Muslim world.
9. The Conference decided to consider thespeeches of His Eminence Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, Leader of the IslamicRevolution of Iran, His Majesty Hassan-II, King of Morocco, Chairman ofthe Seventh Islamic Summit Conference and His Excellency Seyed MohammadKhatami, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Chairman of theEighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, as official documentsof the Conference.
10. In reply to the Chairman’s speech, Their ExcellenciesMrs. Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh,Mr. Hafez Al-Asad, President of the Syrian Arab Republic and Mr. AbdouDiouf, President of the Republic of Senegal took the floor respectivelyon behalf of the Asian, Arab and African groups to express their sincerethanks and profound gratitude to the leader of the Islamic Revolution ofIran, to the President and people of Iran for the warm welcome and generoushospitality extended to all the delegations.
11. His Excellency Dr. Azeddine Laraki, the SecretaryGeneral of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference delivered a statementin which he expressed his profound thanks to the Islamic Republic of Iranas represented by its President, His Excellency President Seyed MohammadKhatemi, and to the Government and people of Iran for the warm welcomeand generous hospitality extended to all the delegations participatingin the Conference. He also expressed his gratitude to His Majesty, KingHassan II, Chairman of the Seventh Islamic Summit Conference and Chairmanof the Al-Quds Committee, as well as his gratitude to Their Excellenciesthe Chairmen of the other Standing Committees for their noble efforts inthe field of Joint Islamic action. He referred to the Islamic causes whichare on the agenda of the OIC, at the forefront of which is the cause ofPalestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the hurdles blocking the peace processbecause of Israel’s refusal to implement the agreements signed with theconcerned parties. The Secretary General reviewed the outline of the comprehensivereform programme of the OIC pointing out that the programme includes amultidimensional four-year cooperation programme aimed at implementingthe plan of action to strengthen economic and commercial cooperation amongMember States, restructuring the General Secretariat and conferring a specializedcharacter to its work. He made clear that in order for OIC to play a moreeffective role it is crucial to provide it with the necessary means toaccomplish its work and to find prompt solutions to its acute financialcrisis. He expressed his thanks and appreciation for all the benevolentgestures shown by leaders from a number of Member State towards the GeneralSecretariat.
12. The Conference heard the statements by TheirExcellencies Mr. Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr.Carlos Lemos, Vice President of the Republic of Colombia representing theChairman of the Non-aligned Movement, Mr. Ahmed Abdel Majid, SecretaryGeneral of the League of Arab States, Mr. Onder Ozar, Secretary Generalof the Economic Cooperation Organisation and Mr. Ahmed Haggag, AssistantSecretary General of the Organisation of the African Unity.
13. The Conference welcomed the presence of Mr.Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations at the Eighth Sessionof the Islamic Summit Conference. It stated that his presence demonstratedthe excellent cooperative relations between the UN and the OIC. It encouragedthe Secretary General to pursue his reform programme for a greater degreeof democratization in the decision-making process of the UN.
14. The Conference adopted the Report of the PreparatoryMinisterial Meeting presented by its Chairman, His Excellency Dr. KamalKharrazi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
15. The Conference adopted the draft agenda submittedby the Preparatory Ministerial Meeting.
16. The Conference decided to designate its Sessionas the Session of Dignity, Dialogue, Participation.
17. The Conference welcomed the decision of thePreparatory Ministerial meeting to accord the status of Observer to theRepublic of Cote d’ Ivoire.
18. The Conference noted with high appreciationthe Report of His Majesty Hassan II, King of Morocco and Chairman of theSeventh Islamic Summit.
19. The Conference noted with high appreciationthe Reports submitted by the Chairmen of the Al-Quds Committee, the StandingCommittee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC) the Standing Committeefor Economic and Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC) and the Standing Committeefor Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH).
20. The Conference noted with appreciation theReports submitted by the Secretary General on items of the agenda.
21. The Conference adopted the Tehran Declarationas well as the Tehran Vision Statement.
SPECIAL SESSION FOR PLEDGING VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS
22. The Heads of delegations of the followingMember States announced the following voluntary contributions in favourof the Organisation as given below:
23. The Conference noted with satisfaction the cooperation betweenthe Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the United Nations, EconomicCooperation Organisation and other international and regional Organisations.
24. The Conference decided that the Ninth Session of the IslamicSummit Conference will be held in Doha, the State of Qatar, in the year2000, at a date to be fixed in consultation between the Host country andthe General Secretariat.
Question of Palestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif:
25. The Conference stressed that the question of Palestine and Al-QudsAl-Sharif is the foremost Islamic cause. It expressed its full solidaritywith the Palestine Liberation Organization in its just struggle to achievethe legitimate inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, includingthe right to self-determination to return to its homeland and to establishits independent state in its national territories, with Al-Quds Al-Sharifas its capital.
26. The Conference stressed that Al-Quds Al-Sharif is an integralpart of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 and that what appliesto the rest of Palestinian territories applies to it, in accordance withrelevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and General Assembly. TheConference called for action to put an end to the practices of the Israelioccupation authorities in Al-Quds Al-Sharif aimed at modifying the geographicaland demographic situation and desecrating the holy Islamic and Christianplaces there with a view to judaizing the Holy City. It called for theneed to exert maximum effort in order to restore the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharifto Palestinian sovereignty, as capital of State of Palestine, for ensuringpeace and security in the region.
27. The Conference also called on the international community toavoid any relations with Israeli occupation authorities which might beinterpreted by the latter, in any way, as an implicit recognition of the"fait accompli" imposed by Israel when it declared the city of Al-Qudsits capital. It stressed that all legal, administrative, and settlementmeasures and procedures aimed at modifying the legal status of the Holycity is null and void and contravenes international treaties, chartersand norms and contrary to the agreements signed by the Palestinian andIsraeli sides. The Conference called on the international community, especiallythe two co-sponsors of the Peace Conference to prompt Israel not to makeany geographical or demographic transformation in the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharifduring the transitional period, to refrain from any action that might affectthe outcome of the negotiations on the final status of the City, and toabide by the relevant international resolutions, especially those issuedby the Tenth Extraordinary Session of the General Assembly on the haltingof the Jewish settlement of an Djebel Abu Ghoneim and of all other settlementsand to induce Israel also to lift the blockade on the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharifto safeguard freedom of worship in it, and to cease destroying houses,withdrawing the identity cards of the Palestinian citizens and emptyingthe city of its Arab citizens.
28. The Conference affirmed its full support of the peace processin the Middle East and its commitment to its underpinnings. The Conferencecalled for Israel to respect and implement its commitments, pledges, andagreements concluded through this process and in accordance with the principlesbased on Madrid Conference pursuant to UN resolutions, in particular SecurityCouncil resolutions 242, 338 and 425, and the land-for-peace formula. Allthese instruments provide for Israel’s withdrawal from all occupied Araband Palestinian territories, including the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif andthe occupied Syrian Golan up to the front line of 4 June 1967, the occupiedSouthern Lebanon and Western Bekaa and for the realization of inalienablenational rights of the Palestinian people. The Conference rejected Israel’sattempts at bypassing the requirements of the transitional period and jumpdirectly to negotiations on the final situation. The Conference calledfor the faithful implementation of all the remaining articles in the agreementson the transitional period concluded between the Palestine Liberation Organisationand Israel to end Israeli occupation and build Palestinian national institutionson the land of Palestine.
29. The Conference underlined that Israel’s violation of the principlesand underpinnings of the peace process, reneging on the commitments, pledges,and agreements concluded within that framework; and procrastination andevasion at the implementation level, have seriously undermined the peaceprocess. The Conference held Israel wholly responsible for this state ofaffairs.
30. The Conference also called on the Islamic States which had takensteps toward establishing relations with Israel within the framework ofthe peace process to reconsider such relations by closing missions andbureau until Israel completes its withdrawal from all occupied Arab territoriesand fulfills the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, includingtheir right to establish their own independent state on their nationalterritory, Palestine, with Al-Quds as its capital.
31. The Conference urged the international community, particularlythe co-sponsors of the peace process, to pressure Israel to comply withthe resolutions of international legality and to end its settlement policy.The Conference called on the Security Council to revive the InternationalCommittee for supervising and monitoring the ban on settlements in Al-Qudsand the other occupied Palestinian and Arab territories. The Conferencealso urged the international community and all states providing economicand financial assistance to Israel to stop such assistance which Israeluses to carry out its colonization scheme in the occupied Arab territories,in the occupied Palestine and the occupied Syrian Golan.
32. The Conference called for action by the United Nations and otherinternational Organisations to force Israel to release the detainees, returnthe deportees, and put an end to the collective punishments, as well asto the operations of confiscation of land and properties and demolitionof houses, and to desist from any acts endangering life and environmentin the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif.It emphasized the need to convene the meeting of the high contracting partiesto the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 on the Protection of Civilian Personsin time of war to take the necessary enforcement measures for implementingthis Convention in the occupied Palestinian territories including Al-QudsAl-Sharif.
33. The Conference requested the international community and theUN Security Council to force Israel to comply with UN resolutions, particularlySecurity Council resolution 487 (1981) and to sign the Treaty on the Non-Proliferationof Nuclear Weapons, and implement the resolutions of the InternationalAtomic Energy Agency.
34. The Conference commended the efforts made by the Al-Quds Committeeunder the Chairmanship of His Majesty Hassan II, King of Morocco, and expressedsatisfaction at the entry into operation of Bait-ul- Mal Al-Quds.
35. The Conference commended the resistance of the Syrian Arab citizensof the Golan against occupation and strongly condemned Israel for not complyingwith Security Council resolution 497 (1981). It stressed that Israel’sdecision to impose its laws, its sovereignty and its administration onthe occupied Syrian Golan is illegal, null and void and without legal effectwhatsoever. It condemned Israel for continuing to alter the legal and demographicstatus and the institutional structure of the occupied Syrian Golan. Itreaffirmed the applicability of the 1949 Geneva Convention on the Protectionof Civilian Persons in Time of War to the occupied Syrian Golan and calledfor Israel’s total withdrawal from the occupied Syrian Golan to the linesof 4 June 1967.
36. The Conference strongly condemned Israel for its continuingoccupation of parts of Southern Lebanon and Western Bekaa and urged theinternational community to ensure the implementation of Security CouncilResolution 425 (1978) stipulating Israel’s immediate end unconditionalIsraeli withdrawal from all occupied Lebanese territories to the internationallyrecognized borders. It called on the international community to take allmeasures to compel Israel to immediately free all the prisoners and theLebanese detainees in Israeli prisons and in the camps controlled by theforces allied to Israel and to edeavour to put an end to Israel’s aggressionand inhuman practices against the defenseless inhabitants in the Lebaneseterritories. It reiterated its support to establish its sovereignty onits entire territory including the area occupied by Israel in SouthernLebanon and Western Bekaa.
37. The Conference reaffirmed the commitment of the OIC Member Statesto the preservation of the unity, territorial integrity and sovereigntyof the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina within its internationally recognizedborders and fully supported the establishment of a sovereign, democratic,multi-ethnic and multi-cultural State of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It emphasizedthe importance of accelerating the process towards the full, effective,consistent and impartial implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement andurged the international community to support the peaceful and democraticreintegration of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It reiterated itscommitment to fully participate in the implementation process.
38. The Conference stressed the vital importance of taking concretemeasures for the arrest of indicted war criminals, ensuring freedom ofmovement throughout the country, the return of refugees and displaced personsto their places of origin under safe and secure conditions, and enforcementof the results of the municipal elections and effective functioning ofthe State institutions.
39. The Conference urged all countries and multilateral institutionsthat have pledged resources for the reconstruction of Bosnia and Herzegovinato immediately disburse the funds in order to ensure timely completionof priority projects including funds for housing for returning refugeesand displaced persons and reiterated its readiness in providing resourcesfor the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Bosnia and Herzegovina bypromoting bilateral programmes of assistance and cooperation as well asthrough the OIC Assistance Mobilization Group and OIC institutions.
40. The Conference reaffirmed support for the "Equip and Train"Programme which will foster long term regional stability by creating acredible self-defense capability for the Federation.
Jammu and Kashmir:
41. The Conference called for a peaceful settlement of the Jammuand Kashmir issue in accordance with the relevant UN Resolutions and asagreed upon in the Simla Agreement. It condemned the continuing massiveviolations of human rights of the Kashmiri people and called for the respectof their human rights including the right of self-determination. It alsocalled upon Member States to take all necessary steps to persuade Indiato cease forthwith the gross and systematic human rights violations ofthe Kashmiri people and to enable them to exercise their inalienable rightto self determination as mandated by the relevant resolutions of the SecurityCouncil.
42. The Conference affirmed that any political process or electionsheld under foreign occupation cannot be a substitute to the exercise ofthe right of self-determination by people of Kashmir as is provided inthe relevant Security Council Resolutions. It supported the initiativeof the Government of Pakistan to engage India in a dialogue for resolvingall outstanding issues including the core issue of Jammu and Kashmir andencouraged India to reciprocate positively. It commended the efforts beingmade by the OIC Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir.
43. The Conference appreciated the efforts made by the SecretaryGeneral for enabling the true representatives of the Kashmiri people tohave their views expressed in OIC and other international fora, and requestedhim to continue to take all necessary steps in this regard.
Meeting of the Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir at the Summitlevel:
44. The Conference took note of the Meeting of the OIC Contact Groupon Jammu and Kashmir at the Summit level which adopted a Statement on Jammuand Kashmir and a Memorandum presented by the true representatives of theKashmiri people.
45. The Conference expressed its deep concern over the continuationof the conflict in Afghanistan. It reaffirmed that there is no militarysolution to the Afghan crisis and called upon the Afghan parties for animmediate and unconditional cease-fire.
46. The Conference emphasized the need for promoting national reconciliationand rapprochement as well as for the establishment of a broad-based government.It called upon all States to end immediately the supply of arms and ammunitionto all parties to the conflict in Afghanistan. It also called for respectof the sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, independence and Islamiccharacter of Afghanistan and non-interference in its internal affairs.
47. The Conference emphasized the urgent need for establishmentof a fund under the auspices of the OIC for assisting the Afghan people.It also called for effective measures by all Afghans to eliminate the productionand exportation of illicit drugs.
48. The Conference emphasized the need for continued close coordinationof efforts between OIC and UN for promoting a peaceful political settlementin Afghanistan.
49. The Conference noted with satisfaction the efforts exerted bythe Organisation of the Islamic Conference to promote peace and nationalreconciliation in Somalia in cooperation with the United Nations, the ArabLeague and the Organisation of the African Unity.
50. The Conference reaffirmed its commitment to contribute to therestoration and preservation of the unity, sovereignty, territorial integrityand political independence of Somalia. It called for the convening of anInternational Conference on Peace and National Reconciliation in Somaliain compliance with the relevant resolutions of the UN General Assemblywith the participation of all Somali parties and the concerned internationaland regional Organisations.
51. The Conference followed with interest the ongoing meetings inCairo of the different Somali parties and heads of Somali factions, andin this respect took note with appreciation of the latest developmentsconcerning these meetings as contained in the letter of His Excellencythe Foreign Minister of the Arab Republic of Egypt on the subject. It alsoexpressed its appreciation for the initiative of His Excellency PresidentAli Abdallah Saleh, President of the Republic of Yemen in convening a Conferenceon Somalia National Reconciliation in Sanna. It called upon all Somaliparties to respond favourably to these efforts.
Consequences of Iraqi Aggression against Kuwait:
52. The Conference called on Iraq to cooperate fully and seriouslywith the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Tripartite Committeein Geneva which was established under its engagements pursuant to Para2c and Para 3C of resolution No. 3c of resolution No. 686 (1991) and (30)of resolution No. 687 (1991) pertaining to urgent release of prisonersand hostages from among Kuwaiti military troops and civilians and any othersso as to put an end to this situation and Para 15 (d) which relates toreturn of Kuwaiti properties by Iraq.
53. The Conference called upon Iraq to pursue efforts towards thefulfillment of its obligations under the relevant Security Council resolutions,for the establishment of security, peace and stability in the region. Itwelcomed Security Council resolution No. 1137 (1997), and called upon Iraqfor full compliance and serious cooperation without conditions with theSpecial Commission (UNSCOM) in the fulfillment of its mandate concerningthe elimination of the weapons of mass destruction in accordance with therelevant resolutions of the Security Council.
54. The Conference reaffirmed respect for the sovereignty, territorialintegrity, and political independence of Iraq and expressed its sympathywith the Iraqi people and welcomed, in this respect, Security Council resolutionNo. 1111 (1997) in which the Security Council extended the effect of itsresolution No.986 (1995) for another 6 month period so as to meet the humanitarianneeds and to alleviate the suffering of the Iraqi people.
55. The Conference noted with great concern the dangerous and constantdeterioration in the food, health and humanitarian condition of the entireMuslim Iraqi people, and especially the children, women and the elderly,as recognized by the reports of the UN Secretary General, the specializedagencies, and numerous official and non-official humanitarian Organisations.
56. The Conference, proceeding from the precepts of the true Islamicreligion and the principles and objectives of the Organisation, calledon Member States to redouble efforts to assist Iraq in halting the deteriorationand to deal with humanitarian situation in order to put an end to the sufferingof the population in a serious and tangible manner as soon as possible.
Armenian aggression against Azerbaijan:
57. The Conference reaffirmed its support for the three principlesof the settlement of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan containedin the statement of the Chairman-in-Office of the Organisation for theSecurity and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) at the 1996 Lisbon OSCE Summitand also expressed its support for the last proposals made by the OSCEMinsk Conference Co-chairmen aimed at the staged settlement of the Armenia-Azerbaijanarmed conflict as the basis for the negotiations within the framework ofthe OSCE Minsk Group, and considered this approach to ensure immediateelimination of the most serious consequences of the aggression againstthe Republic of Azerbaijan.
US Aggression against Libya in 1986:
58. The Conference reaffirmed its condemnation of the military aggressionperpetrated by the United States against the Great Socialist People’s LibyanArab Jamahiriya in April 1986. It supported the right of the Jamahiriyato appropriate reparations for the losses sustained as a result of theaggression in accordance with the provisions of UN General Assembly ResolutionNo.38/41 of 20 November, 1986.
59. The Conference called upon the United States to positively respondto UN Resolution No. 38/41 concerning the right of Libya to reparations,to desist from provocations and threats, and to resort to peaceful meansto solve its differences with the Jamahiriya. It also condemned the USeconomic boycott measures against Libya and called for their cancellationforthwith as they violate international law and convention.
Crisis between Libya, the United States, the UnitedKingdom and the Republic of France:
60 The Conference reaffirmed its solidarity with the Great SocialistPeople’s Arab Jamahiriya for the trial of the two suspects. It supportedthe efforts exerted by the League of Arab States and the Organisation ofAfrican Unity to persuade the Security Council to accept one of the threeoptions which they proposed jointly to the Council for the trial of thetwo suspects.
61. The Conference appealed to the Security Council to lift theembargo imposed upon the Jamahiriya and in this respect, urged the MemberStates to intervene promptly with the Security Council in order to facilitateLibyan flights for humanitarian and religious purposes and visits of officialLibyan delegations, in conformity with international law.
62. The Conference recommended the creation of a Coordinating Committeebetween the League of Arab States, the Organisation of African Unity andthe Organisation of the Islamic Conference, in charge of taking appropriatesteps with the UN Security Council in order to look into the modalitiesfor lifting the sanctions imposed on the Great Jamahiriya.
63. The Conference supported the right of the Great Jamahiriya todemand appropriate reparations for human and material losses resultingfrom application of the Security Council resolutions.
Solidarity with the Iran and Libya concerning D’AmatoLaw:
64. The Conference reaffirmed its solidarity with theIslamic Republic of Iran and the Great Socialist Libyan Arab Jamahiriyaconcerning the so-called D’Amato Law for their position concerning theso-called D’Amato Law and rejected any arbitrary extra-territorial andunilateral measures whether political or legal applied by one country againstanother one. It urged all States to consider this law which is againstthe international law and norms, as null and void.
65. The Conference reaffirmed its past resolutions and declarationson Cyprus and expressed its solidarity with the Turkish Cypriot peoplein its rightful cause. It called on the two parties to negotiate togetherto seek freely a mutually acceptable solution and expressed its appreciationfor the constructive efforts of the Turkish Cypriot side in this connection.It expressed its support for the efforts of the United Nations SecretaryGeneral within the framework of his mission of good offices. It calledfor a just political settlement by respecting the legitimate aspirationsof the Turkish Cypriot people and emphasized in this regard the key importanceof respecting the principle of equal political status in the attainmentof a freely negotiated and mutually acceptable solution. It also recalledits previous decision to remain seized of the Turkish Cypriot applicationfor full membership of the OIC and to continue the enhancement of the participationof the Turkish Muslim Community of Cyprus in the activities and meetingsof all the organs of the Conference. It called on Member States to increaseand expand their ties within the Turkish Cypriot people in all fields,including trade, tourism, culture, information, investment and sports.
66. The Conference strongly condemned the large-scale repression,discrimination and violation of human rights against the defenseless Albanianpopulation committed by the authorities of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia(Serbia and Montenegro). It called on the international community to takeall necessary measures to immediately end all human rights violations againstAlbanians in Kosovo and revoke all discriminatory legislation entered intoforce since 1989.
Eastern and Central Europe:
67. The Conference reaffirmed the need to maintain and promote tiesof friendship and cooperation between the Islamic World and the countriesof Eastern and Central Europe on the basis of mutual interest. It alsoexpressed the hope that the States of Eastern and Western Europe and otherStates respect and protect the Islamic identity of the Muslim communitiesand Muslim minorities living in their countries and their right to practicefreely their language, religion and culture.
Security and Solidarity:
68. The Conference reiterated that the security of each Muslim countryis the concern of all Islamic countries. It expressed firm resolve to strengthenthe security of Member States, through cooperation and solidarity amongIslamic countries, in accordance with the objectives and principles ofthe Charters of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference and of the UnitedNations and as stipulated in the Dakar Declaration. It recognized thatsmall states are particularly vulnerable to external threats and acts ofinterference in their internal affairs.
69. The Conference called for the elimination of all weapons of massdestruction, notably nuclear weapons with a view to creating a world freeof such weapons and for the intensification of efforts aimed at findinga solution to disarmament issues, particularly the elimination of nuclearweapons. It reaffirmed that all States have an inalienable right to developtheir programmes for peaceful uses of nuclear energy for their economicand social development.
70. The Conference called upon all States, particularly the Statesof the regions concerned, which have not yet done, to positively respondto proposals for the establishment of Nuclear Weapon Free Zones in theMiddle East, Central Asia, South Asia and South-East Asia.
71. The Conference urged all States, especially nuclear weapon States,to exert pressure on Israel to become party to the Nuclear Non-ProliferationTreaty and called on the international community and the Security Councilto compel Israel to comply with U.N. Resolutions, particularly SecurityCouncil Resolution 487 (1981), to accede to the treaty of Non- Proliferationof Nuclear Weapons, to implement the resolutions of the International AtomicEnergy Agency (IAEA) calling for the subjection of all Israeli atomic facilitiesto the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards System, to obtain Israel’s renunciationof nuclear armament, and to submit a full report on its stockpile of nuclearweapons and ammunition to the Security Council and the International AtomicEnergy Agency as those steps are essential for the establishment of a zonefree from weapons of mass destruction, and primarily nuclear weapons inthe Middle East region, a fundamental factor for the establishment of ajust and comprehensive peace in the region.
72. The Conference called upon all States, including those Membersof the Conference on Disarmament, particularly the nuclear weapon States,to work urgently towards a binding agreement on an international conventionto assure non-nuclear weapon States against the threat or use of nuclearweapons and to explore all additional means to provide effective assurancesof Non-Nuclear Weapon States in the global or regional context. It urgedthe Conference on Disarmament for the immediate commencement and earlyconclusion of negotiations on a non-discriminatory and universally applicableconvention banning the production and elimination of stockpiles of fissilematerial for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosives.
73. The Conference recognized the need for enhancing regional securityand stability through the settlement of outstanding disputes and the establishmentof equitable and verifiable balance of armaments at lower levels. It calledupon the international community and the states concerned to adopt measureswhich would ease global and regional tensions and result in a just andlasting resolution of outstanding conflicts and disputes thus facilitatingmeaningful disarmament and arms control measures.
Dumping of Nuclear and Toxic Wastes:
74. The Conference reaffirmed that the dumping of toxic and nuclearwastes of foreign origin in the territories and waters of the member countriesand the risks that it entails for human life is a crime against humanity.
Elimination of anti-personnel mines:
75. The Conference expressed its deep concern over the consequencesof the indiscriminate use of anti-personnel mines on the security of civilianpopulations and their economic development. It welcomed the decision takenby the Conference on Disarmament during its 1997 session to appoint a specialcoordinator to seek views of its members on the most appropriate arrangementto deal with the issue of anti-personnel land mines and on the possiblemandate;
76. The Conference urged the international community, particularlythe developed countries, to provide substantial assistance for the removalof anti-personnel mines and to ensure access by all states, especiallymine stricken states, to advanced material, equipment and technology aswell as to ensure the removal of all existing obstacles in this regard.It appealed to the international community, in general, and OIC MemberStates, in particular, to assist in rehabilitation of anti-personnel minesvictims.
Consultation and Coordination among Member States:
77. The Conference called upon Member States to observe the principlesof good neighbourliness, and to prevent the use of their territories orgovernment bodies by individuals or groups bent on doing harm to otherMember States. It decided that no movement exploiting the noble Islamicreligion should be allowed to carry out any hostile activity against anyMember State. It emphasized the necessity of strengthening coordinationamong the Member States to control all images and forms of the phenomenonof terrorism, including intellectual terrorism and extremism.
78. The Conference took note of the meeting at the Ministerial levelof the Islamic solidarity with the people of Sahel and reaffirmed the necessityto accord great attention to the speedy implementation of the Special OIC/CILSS/IDBProgramme for the Sahelian populations. It decided to renew the mandateof Kuwait as Chairman of the Islamic Committee for solidarity with thepeople of Sahel for another three years.
Critical Economic Situation in Africa:.
79. The Conference welcomed the efforts made by the African countriestowards their economic recovery and development in conformity with theTreaty of Abuja concluded in 1991 establishing the African Economic Communityaimed at progressive economic integration of Africa. It stressed the importanceof the successful implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for theDevelopment of Africa in the 1990’s and calls upon the international communityto fulfill its commitments on the basis of the principle of shared responsibilityand full partnership with Africa.
80. The Conference reaffirmed its condemnation of colonialism, inall its forms, as an act of aggression which violates all internationalconventions and principles of international law. It recognized that theeffects of colonialism have impeded economic and social development plansand programmes in the developing countries and continue to impede theirdevelopment and progress. It also reaffirmed the right of all the MemberStates, without exception, which suffered under the yoke of colonialism,to take all necessary measures to obtain fair compensation for the humanand material losses they have suffered as a result of colonialism or foreigninvasion. It affirmed the right of the Great Socialist People’s LibyanArab Jamahirya for reparations for all the human and material losses ithas sustained as a result of the period of invasion, colonization and settlementon Libayan territories. It called on the countries responsible for thesehazards to take practical measures in response to the Great Jamahirya’srequests.
81. The Conference reaffirmed its full solidarity with Sudan toface hostile designs and defend its unity, territorial security and stability.It commended the continuous efforts exerted by the Sudanese Governmentin order to reach a peaceful solution to the problem of Southern Sudanthrough negotiation and dialogue between the Sudanese parties and the positiveoutcome of these efforts which have led to the signature of the peace accordsof Khartoum and Fachoda with the rebel factions of the South.
82. The Conference expressed satisfaction at the conclusion of thePeace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Niger and theOrganisation of Armed Resistance. It commended the efforts exerted by mediatingcountries for their important contribution to the conclusion of this Agreement.It requested Member States, the General Secretariat of the Organisationof the Islamic Conference and the other Islamic Institutions to provideNiger with the necessary assistance to enable it to consolidate its nationalunity and achieve its regional developmental objectives within the frameworkof the implementation of the above-mentioned Agreement.
83. The Conference requested Member States and Islamic institutionsto provide necessary financial assistance for the emergency programmesand projects for ensuring the return of the refugees, their rehabilitationand the social, economic and cultural development of the Northern Regionsof Mali and recommended that the Member States and Islamic financial institutionssupport the implementation of the medium and long-term development strategyand of the emergency programme in the regions of Kidal, Gao and Timbuctu.
Right to use of science and technology for development:
84. The Conference affirmed the inalienable right of the IslamicUmmah to develop, acquire and make use of science and technology for progressin economic, social and cultural fields. It rejected policies and measuresaimed at obstructing the achievement of technological progress for peacefulpurposes in Member States.
85. It called upon industrialized States to facilitate the transferof technology to developing countries and remove the restrictions hinderingthis process. It called upon Member States to strengthen cooperation amongthemselves in the fields of science and technology for peaceful purposes,especially in the framework of the Standing Committee for Scientific andTechnological Cooperation (COMSTECH).
86. The Conference expressed its appreciation to Member States, donorcountries, the UNHCR, the U.N. specialized agencies, and other humanitarianinstitutions for the valuable assistance they extend to refugees in Islamiccountries. It also expressed its deep appreciation to countries hostingrefugees for their generous assistance to refugees irrespective of theircritical economic situation as well as presence of large number of displacedpersons. It reaffirmed its concern for the security, stability and infrastructureof those Muslim countries whose economic and social development is seriouslyaffected by the presence of refugees.
Assistance for Refugees in Sudan:
87. The Conference urged the international donors to extend assistancecommensurate with the number of the refugees in the Sudan and to help intheir voluntary repatriation and urged Member States and the Islamic DevelopmentBank to extend financial assistance so as to support the efforts of theGovernment of the Sudan aimed at resettling returning Sudanese refugeesin the areas liberated from the hold of the rebellious movement as wellas to provide shelter to the displaced persons who migrated to the Northdue to the military operations conducted by the rebellious movement.
NPT Review Conference in Year 2000:
88. The Conference called on Member States parties to the non-proliferationtreaty to actively participate in 2000 Review Conference of NPT and itspreparatory committees. It called on all States parties to pursue vigorouslythe objective of nuclear disarmament in the international fora particularlyin 2000 NPT Review Conference as stipulated in Article 6 of the NPT. Itinvited all States parties to the NPT to exert pressure on Israel to accedeto the Treaty and to place all its nuclear programmes under the IAEA safeguards.
Support to Kazakhstan for Conference on Confidence-buildingMeasures in Asia:
89. The Conference welcomed the efforts of the Republic of Kazakhstanfor promotion of the initiative of the Conference for interaction and confidence-buildingmeasures in Asia. It considered that the initiative of the Republic ofKazakhstan for convening a Conference for interaction and confidence-buildingmeasures in Asia will contribute to the general process of providing theinternational security. It recommended that the OIC Member States may jointhe process of the promoting the confidence-building measures inthe Asian continent.
90. The Conference affirmed, in the framework of the convening ofthe Conference on confidence-building measures in Asia, that Islamic countriesdo not consider Israel as being among the Group of Asian States.
91. The Conference reaffirmed that the OIC Member States have a directand vital interest in determining the outcome of UN reform and SecurityCouncil expansion. It reaffirmed the readiness of the OIC Member Statesto contribute actively and constructively to the consideration of the reformand expansion of the Security Council.
Situation in the Comoros:
92. The Conference considered that the separation of the Islandof Mayotte from the others will seriously undermine the territorial integrityof the Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros and will constitute a seriousobstacle to its balanced economic development.
93. The Conference took note of the political situation in the Comorosand called on the concerned parties to safeguard the territorial integrityof the Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros and to positively participatein the International Conference on Comoros in Addis Abeba with a view toreaching a negotiated political settlement.
94. The Conference urged Member States to urgently extend economicassistance to the Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros to enable it to overcomethe difficult economic circumstances as well as the current political crisis.
Unilateral Economic Sanctions Against Sudan:
95. The Conference called on the United States to lift the economicsanctions imposed on the Sudan in view of its harmful effects and the lossesincurred at economic and social levels. The Conference decided to set upa Committee composed from the Member States to study the issue of unilateraleconomic sanctions.
Situation in Sierra Leone:
96. The Conference strongly condemned the action of the militaryjunta and expressed deep appreciation of the efforts made by the EconomicCommunity of West African States (ECOWAS) for the return to normalcy inSierra Leone. The Conference asked the military junta to conform scrupulouslyand without delay to the peace plan for Sierra Leone signed in Conakry(Guinea) by the CEPEAD Committee of Foreign Ministers and the representativesof the military junta and called on all OIC Member States to abstain fromany bilateral activities and relations with the junta, that could be interpretedas support for the illegal regime. It exhorted Member States to committhemselves to extend urgent and generous assistance to Sierra Leone forthe rehabilitation and reconstruction of the country after reinstatementof the legitimate government.
Military Cooperation with Israel:
97. The Conference expressed its deep concern that some Member Statesof the Organisation of Islamic Conference are establishing relations ofmilitary cooperation with Israel and requested the reconsideration of thiscooperation with the objective of renouncing it due to the danger it posesto the security of Islamic countries.
Preservation of the Security and Territorial Integrityof the Islamic States:
98. The Conference reaffirmed its commitment to preserving the sovereignty,unity and independence of Iraq, its territorial integrity and regionalsecurity. It called for halt to acts of intervention in Iraq and for refrainingin the future from any such acts in order to preserve the sovereignty andterritorial integrity of Iraq and the inviolability of its borders.
Muslim Communities and Minorities:
99. The Conference welcomed the "peace agreement" betweenthe Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro NationalLiberation Front officially signed on 2 September 1996, and expressed itsconsideration for the important steps taken towards its full implementation.It also called on the Government of the Philippines and on the Moro NationalLiberation Front to preserve the gains resulting from signing the peaceagreement.
100. The Conference commended the efforts of the leaders of theMoro National Liberation Front and of the Government of the Republic ofthe Philippines for establishing peace in the south of the Philippinesand asked the Secretary General and all concerned parties to continue extendingthe appropriate assistance in order to ensure the full implementation ofthe peace agreement during the transitional period until a self-rule zonein the south of the Philippines is established.
101. The Conference expressed satisfaction with the Secretary General’sefforts to implement the adopted resolutions on Muslim communities andminorities in non-Member States, and particularly with the creation ofa Contact Group from the Member States’ permanent delegations at the UntiedNations in New York and Geneva to examine the cases of violation of therights of Muslim communities and minorities in non-Member States.
102. The Conference reaffirmed the need to take action for the attachmentof Muslim communities and minorities in non-Member States to their religiousand cultural identity, to a fair treatment in terms of rights, commitmentsand duties, and to the provision of all their rights, civil or religiousor other, without discrimination or segregation.
103. The Conference reaffirmed its commitment to Muslim communitiesand minorities living in non-OIC Member States. The Conference, keepingin mind that the Turkish Muslim Minority in Western Thrace is an integralpart of the Muslim World, regretted that the violation of the minorityrights and fundamental freedoms of the Turkish Muslim Minority in WesternThrace is continuing. It deplored the sentencing to imprisonment of theelected Mufti of Xanthi, Mr. Mehmet Emin Aga, and expressed its concernon the obstruction of the building of Kimmeria Mosque. The Conference urgedGreece to take all measures to restore the rights of the Turkish MuslimMinority in Western Thrace and urgently recognize the elected Muftis ofXanthi and Komotini as the office muftis.
104. The Conference called for the setting up of an InternationalIslamic Court of Justice as early as possible and urged member countriesto promptly adopt the Islamic regulations statute.
105. The Conference reaffirmed the necessity of consolidating humanrights and to ensure the follow up of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rightsin Islam for laying down the Islamic standards and values and incorporatingthem into Islamic treaties devoted to human rights. It also stressed theimportance of coordination between Member States in the field of humanrights and the need for the Member States to take into account the CairoDeclaration on Human Rights on Islam as well as the principles outliningthe position of the Member States on the issue of human rights in the discussionsthat will take place in course of the forthcoming Fifty-fourth Sessionof the Commission on Human Rights. It also underlined the need for a positivecontribution by the Organisation towards the celebration of the 50th Anniversaryof the Proclamation of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and calledon the international community to reaffirm their commitment to respectthe international principles adopted in the area of human rights.
106. The Conference urged Member States to adhere to the agreementson the struggle against Sky Hijacking and extend help and assistance tovictims upon any incident. It also stressed the need for holding an internationalConference under the aegis of the United Nations to define the conceptof terrorism and to make a distinction between terrorism and the people’sstruggle for national liberation. It also condemned terrorist acts thatare perpetrated deceitfully in the name of Islam and laid stress on theimportance of international and regional co-operation to fight againstall forms of terrorism.
107. The Conference condemned the terrorism in all its forms andmanifestations and expressed its deep concern over the continuing violentacts and barbaric crimes, especially those which were recently perpetratedagainst foreign tourists and earnestly appealed to member countries notto provide shelter to terrorists and help bringing them for trial and requestedthe Experts Group on Terrorism to prepare a draft treaty on the struggleagainst international terrorism in accordance with the principles stipulatedin the Code of Conduct for Combating International Terrorism. It expressedits profound sympathy to all victims of terrorism and addressed its condolencesto their families.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION:
108. The Conference noted with deep satisfaction the activities ofthe Organisation carried out by the Standing Committee for Informationand Cultural Affairs (COMIAC) under the wise and able leadership of HisExcellency President Abdou Diouf, President of the Republic of Senegal.
109. The Conference expressed satisfaction for the adoption by COMIACof the Islamic Information Strategy along with its implementation mechanisms,the Code of Conduct for Islamic Information, the Information Plan for IslamicCountries and the Islamic Programme Statute for the Development of Informationand Culture.
110. The Conference endorsed the proposals of the Secretary Generalon the redynamisation of the information sector to enable it to play itsveritable role in promoting the just causes and the image of Islam, promotingthe heritage and values as well as the achievements, the potentialities,and the various policies of the Islamic Ummah whilst giving priority tointer-Islamic exchange, encouraging dialogue among civilizations and bringingtogether Muslim minorities and communities of the Organisation of the IslamicConference and other Muslim populations.
111. The Conference appealed to Member States to mobilize all thenecessary means, particularly through voluntary contributions, in orderto solve the crucial problem of financing information and communicationactivities.
112. The Conference underlined the need to implement, at the earliestconvenience, the action programmes of the Information Plan and the importantIslam Vision project whose realization will endow the Islamic Ummah witha most valuable communication instrument facilitating the expressions ofits identity and culture while upholding the image and interests of Islamand opening up to the rest of the world within the framework of dialogueamong civilizations.
113. The Conference hailed the progress made so far in the makingof the documentary film on Al-Quds Al-Sharif. It noted with satisfactionthat the International Islamic News Agency (IINA) and the Islamic StatesBroadcasting Organisation (ISBO) have been kept as two separate institutionswhose role should be reactivated and supported by Member States, so theycan attain their objectives in the service of Islamic information.
114. The Conference urged Member States to pursue efforts aimed atstrengthening economic cooperation among them so as to maximize the complementaritiesin their economies and avoid further marginalization. It also expresseddesire for OIC Member States to extend their cooperation and coordinationin the areas of market access, competition policy, transfer of technologyand know how, finance, investment and eventually development of an integratednetwork of information as well as physical infrastructure for achievingthe objective of an Islamic Common Market.
115. The Conference called for the expeditious processing of accessionto the World Trade Organisation (WTO) of applying developing countries,including the OIC members, and emphasized that in this process no politicalconsideration should be invoked which may impede the accession of thesecountries. The Conference expressed deep concern at the tendencies amongsome developed countries to link labour and environment related issueswith trade deals and emphasized that such trends are detrimental to theevolution of a just and fair trading environment.
116. The Conference expressed its profound concern over the seriouseconomic problems faced by the Least-Developed Member States and notedwith disappointment the slow progress in the implementation of the newProgramme of Action adopted in the Second UN Conference held in 1990 forLeast Developed Countries, as well as in the increasing of the OfficialDevelopment Assistance (ODA). It further welcomed the UN decision to convenethe Third United Nations Conference on Least Developed Countries at a highlevel in the year 2001 and requested all concerned organs, Organisationsand bodies of the UN System including the regional commissions and otherrelevant international and multilateral institutions, to make, within theirrespective fields of competence, substantive contributions and proposalsfor further action as submissions to the preparatory process of the Conference.
117. The Conference noted that Micro-Credit programmes by providingaccess to small capital, contribute toward eradication of poverty throughgenerating productive self-employment, ensuring social and human development,and promoting participatory processes in the societies and encouraged considerationof incorporation of microcredit schemes in the strategy of poverty eradication.
118. The Conference renewed the call made to the international community,especially the developed countries to offer substantial reduction of Africandebts and lowering of the burden of servicing charges while ensuring thatthis process is combined with the flow of fresh and considerable financessoft term, to African countries. It also appealed to the internationalcommunity to extend assistance to Member States struck by drought and naturaldisasters. It also called upon Member States and OIC institutions to extendassistance to OIC countries of the Inter-governmental Authority for Developmentand Drought Control (IGADD) and the Permanent Inter-State Committee forDrought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) to enable them to overcome the difficultsituation which is threatening them.
119. The Conference invited all concerned bodies to expedite theextension of the envisaged necessary assistance to help the Palestnianpeople to establish their national economy, consolidation of their nationalinstitutions and to enable them to establish their independent State withAl-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital and also expressed extreme concern aboutthe serious economic implications resulting from a new series of expansionistsettlement policies by the Israeli government on the existing difficultliving conditions of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinianterritories as well as those of the Syrian citizens in the Occupied SyrianGolan and the Arab people in the other Occupied Arab territories.
120. The Conference emphasized the need to urgently implement thePlan of Action to Strengthen Economic and Commercial Cooperation AmongMember States within the framework of the Standing Committee for Economicand Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC), in accordance with the principlesand operational modalities of the strategy and the procedures set forthin its chapter on follow-up and implementation.
121. The Conference requested the OIC Standing Committees and theOIC institutions to explore the challenges of the 21st Century each contributingto its respective fields of competence and to delineate possible responsesby the Ummah for these challenges.
122. The Conference called on the Member States to participate invarious schemes recently launched by the Islamic Development Bank and tobenefit from the Longer Term Trade Financing Scheme, Islamic Banks’ Portfolio,IDB Unit Investment Fund, the Islamic Corporation for Insurance of Investmentand Export Credit along with IDB’s other existing schemes, programs andoperations.
123. The Conference noted with concern the recent volatility in theglobal and regional financial markets and that such volatility had imposedsevere strains on the economic and financial systems of several countries,including members of the OIC.
124. The Conference also noted that while the maintenance of sound,consistent and transparent policies was important to enable countries tocope with the challenges of globalisation, the spread of the contagioneffects, even to countries with sound fundamentals, underscored the needto better understand the dynamics of globalised capital and currency marketsin an environment of instantaneous financial and information flows.
125. The Conference welcomed the efforts of the international financialinstitutions, including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bankto examine the structure of the global financial markets, including theimplications of large short term capital flows and financial market operations.It noted that such efforts would contribute to greater transparency, efficiencyand stability of world currency and financial markets, and would need tobe implemented on a global basis.
Science and Technology:
126. The Conference urged the Member States to continue to takeinto account the environmental issues in their development policies andto mobilize their financial and institutional resources towards implementingtheir national programmes for the protection of the environment. The conferenceexpressed satisfaction at the current fruitful cooperation between theOIC and the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP).
127. The Conference reaffirmed its support of the declaration ofthe Middle East, Africa, and the Indian Ocean regions as nuclear weaponfree zones and condemned Israel’s refusal to sign the Treaty of Non-Proliferationof Nuclear Weapons and its burying dangerous poisonous waste in the occupiedPalestinian territories and disposal off the Lebanese coasts. The Conferencecondemned the policies of aggression practiced by Israel in the occupiedPalestinian territories and the occupied Syrian Golan and the Western Bekaa.It condemned its confiscation of lands, burning of woods, diversion ofirrigation water, and seizure of Palestinian water resources.
128. The Conference called for cooperation among Member States infighting epidemics of human, animal or environmental origin, and particularlyAIDS. It called on Member States to act collectively to fight its disseminationthrough medical means. It also called on them to lay special emphasis onreligious and moral values in their educational institutions, their informationmedia and their Dawa activities, for this constitutes a more effectivepreventive measure against AIDS. With respect to the mad cow disease, theConference urged Member States and specialized international cooperationagencies to expedite the establishment of a mechanism for early warning,monitoring and quick exchange of information about the marketing and importationof meat and meat products affected by this disease. The Conference alsocalled for a Conference of the Ministers of Health of OIC Member Statesin the near future upon the kind offer of the Islamic Republic of Iranto host the said Conference.
129. The Conference requested Member States to actively follow therelevant guidelines issued by the meeting of the OIC Experts Committeein Istanbul in 1988 concerning cooperation in fighting the misuse, production, manufacturing and illegal marketing of drugs and narcotics. It urged them to coordinate their efforts and harmonize their regulations within the framework of relevant international Organisations, and to give greater attention to raising religious awareness of the total religious and legal prohibition of these drugs.
130. The Conference expressed the need to have a study carried outby governmental experts on the links between the fields of environment,health, and sustainable development, and welcomed the invitation to hostthe meeting extended by the Republic of Tunisia through the Standing Committeefor Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) in close consultationwith the Member States and the General Secretariat and in cooperation withthe relevant regional and international Organisations.
131. The Conference reaffirmed the need for scientific and technologicalexchange for peaceful purposes and for the enhancement of social and economicdevelopment, calling on all States and particularly the developed countriesto initiate comprehensive talks to establish general non-discriminatoryguidelines for the transfer of advanced technology, materials and equipmentwhich have military applications. The resolution also urged the relevantinternational Organisations and agencies to facilitate the transfer ofscience and technology to the developing countries for peaceful purposes.
132 The Conference called on the United Nations to declare the AralSea region and the Semipalatinsk as a zone of global ecological catastrophe.The Conference expressed its support to the government of Kazakhstan inits efforts to rehabilitate those areas, and called for a special meetingof the Ministers of the Environment of the Member States to discuss environmentalissues in the Islamic world, and particularly the two above-mentioned areas.It called on the Member States, the Islamic Development Bank and the charitableOrganisations to extend political, economic and financial assistance inorder to alleviate the devastating effects of environmental disasters andprevent their aggravation, particularly in the Semipalatinsk area, whichis considered the one area in the Islamic world where the greatest numberof lethal nuclear tests in the world were conducted for the last fortyyears.
133. The Conference took cognizance with appreciation of the reportson cultural and Islamic universities, institutions, centres and institutessubmitted by the Secretary General. It stressed the need to set up a Waqfwith sufficient earnings to ensure fixed income for the Islamic universitiesin both Niger and Uganda. It urged donors to redouble their efforts tohelp attain this objective. It further urged Member States, the IslamicDevelopment Bank, the Islamic Solidarity Fund and other Islamic institutionsto increase their financial assistance to such universities, centres andinstitutes in view of their significant contribution to human resourcedevelopment which constitutes an indispensable component of any developmentaleffort of the Islamic Ummah.
134. The Conference took note of the efforts made for the implementationof the Cultural Strategy for the Islamic world and recommended to MemberStates to endeavour to integrate it in the national policies in the fieldsof education of teaching and culture.
135. The Conference expressed deep concern over the attacks on Muslimvalues and religious heritage in many parts of the world.
136. The Conference requested Member States to take appropriatesteps to organize women’s activities at the national and internationallevels in all fields. It also called for the holding of a Ministerial Conferenceon the child and social affairs as soon as possible. It urged Member Statesto pursue their efforts in strengthening their own Islamic values and culturalactivities among all Muslim youths. It called on Member States to playa political role in the international arena in favour of the child andits protection.
137. The Conference expressed appreciation of the intensive activitiesbeing made by both the Research Centre for Islamic History, Arts and Cultureand the International Commission for the Preservation of Islamic Heritageso as to revive Islamic heritage and publicize the various aspects of Islamiccivilization. It also expressed appreciation for the excellent effortsbeing made by the Islamic Fiqh Academy so as to find solutions to topicallife issues facing Muslims. It called on Member States to make annual donationsto the Islamic Solidarity Fund’s budget and Waqf in view of the effectiverole that it plays in supporting various educational and social institutionsof the Islamic world, especially in Africa whose identity and authenticityare targets. It took note with appreciation of the activities of the CoordinatingCommittee for Joint Islamic Action in the field of Dawa.
138. The Conference expressed deep appreciation of the Islamic Educational,Scientific and Cultural Organisation (ISESCO), especially for its strategyto develop science and technology.
139. The Conference expressed its appreciation for the activitiesundertaken by the Islamic Committee for the International Crescent. Iturged Member States which have not ratified the agreement of this institution,to do so with a view to enabling the Committee to commence its work towardsthe realization of the objectives assigned to it.
140. The Conference expressed appreciation and thanks to His RoyalHighness Prince Faysal Ibn Fahd Ibn Abdul Aziz Al Saud for the great carehe gives to the Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation and for the generoushospitality extended to government experts who prepared for the First Ministersof Youth and Sports Meeting. It also expressed sincere congratulationsto Member States whose national squads have qualified for the World Cupin France 1998.
ADMINISTRATIVE AND FINANCIAL AFFAIRS:
141. The Conference commended the Secretary General’s efforts torationalize the work of the General Secretariat and increase its efficiencyand affirmed its support for the Secretary General’s initiatives concerningadministrative reform and financial redress.
142. The Conference decided to submit the Secretary General’s reporton administrative reform and financial redress to an open-ended Committeeof Experts which will meet during the first half of February, 1998 andsubmit recommendations on the Secretary General’s proposals contained therein,and his proposals concerning the General Secretariat’s draft budget, tothe Twenty-fifth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers to be held inDoha, State of Qatar, in March 1998, for approval.
143. The Conference called on the Member States to expedite paymentof their contributions and arrears to the budget of the General Secretariatand its subsidiary organs.
Vote of thanks for His Majesty Hassan II
144. The Conference paid a solemn tribute to His Majesty Hassan II,King of Morocco, Chairman of the Seventh Islamic Summit Conference andChairman of the Al-Quds Committee, for the follow-up and the impetus hehas given to the action of the Organisation as well as for the far-reachinginitiatives he has taken during his Chairmanship of the OIC, within theframework of the implementation of the OIC resolutions adopted by the SeventhIslamic Summit Conference held in Casablanca from 13-15 December, 1994,with a view to consolidating Joint Islamic Action, enhancing the prestigeof the Organisation and increasing its contribution to promoting internationalpeace and security. It expressed its sincere thanks and deep gratitudeto His Majesty Hassan II, for his generous and constant support to theOrganisation of the Islamic Conference and its institutions, a supportwhich testifies to the keen interest he attaches to the defense of Islamiccauses.
Vote of thanks to His Excellency Seyed Mohammad Khatami
145. At the end of the deliberations, Their Excellencies M. OmarHassan Al Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan and Mr. Alpha OumarKonare, President of the Republic of Mali, expressed on behalf of the participants,their profound thanks and gratitude to His Excellency Seyed Mohammad Khatami,the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Government and thepeople of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the warm welcome and traditionalhospitality extended to all participants. They expressed to His Excellencythe Chairman of the Conference, on behalf of the leaders of the IslamicUmmah, their appreciation for his farsightedness and sagacity with whichhe steered the deliberations of the Conference to success.
146. The OIC Secretary General, H.E. Dr. Azeddine LARAKI, addressedthe Conference and expressed his profound gratitude and high appreciationto the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and to all Member Statesfor their continuous support and notably for the voluntary contributionsthey pledged during the Conference in favour of the Organisation.
147. The Conference heard with interest the statement by H.E. Mr.Alija Izetbegovic, President of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
148. In his closing speech, His Excellency Seyed Mohammad Khatami,President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Chairman of the Eighth Sessionof the Islamic Summit Conference expressed his satisfaction over the smoothproceedings of the Conference and reviewed the important decisions adoptedby the Session. His Excellency the President expressed his thanks to TheirMajesties, Highness and Excellencies, Emirs, Heads of State and Governmentfor their spirit of Islamic solidarity and fraternity demonstrated by themwhich greatly contributed to the adoption of important resolutions forthe future of the Ummah.