OIC Resolutions

RESOLUTION NO. 49/25-P

ON THE INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC COURT OF JUSTICE

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Recalling Resolution 12/5-P(IS) of the Fifth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference regarding the establishment of the International Islamic Court of Justice as a fourth main organ in the OIC;

Wishing to speed up the establishment of the International Islamic Court of Justice and the commencement of its work so that it may contribute to the peaceful settlement of disputes among Member States;

Mindful of the importance of Resolution No. 49/8-P(IS) adopted by the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference on the Islamic Court of Justice,

1. Expresses its appreciation to the Member States that have ratified the statute of the Court and the amendment of Article (3) of the Charter involving the addition of a fourth paragraph (d) concerning the International Islamic Court of Justice.

2. Urges the Member States that have not yet ratified the Statute of the Court and the amendment of the Charter to accelerate the completion of the ratification procedure and to deposit their instruments of ratification at the General Secretariat as soon as possible, so that the quorum needed for the Court to become operational may be attained.

3. Calls for continued coordination and consultation between the State of Kuwait, the host country, and the General Secretariat in looking for the best ways and means to accelerate the establishment and functioning of the Court.

4. Invites the Secretary General to continue his intensive contacts and consultations with Member States aimed at expediting the attainment of the necessary quorum of ratifications for establishing the Court and ensuring the commencement of its work.

5. Also invites the Member-States and the General Secretariat to make every effort to raise and disseminate awareness of the relevance of the Court, and its objectives and of the need for its establishment and functioning as an optional judiciary means to settle conflicts peacefuly.

6. Requests the Secretary General to ensure the implementation of this resolution and report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 50/25-P

ON THE FOLLOW UP OF THE
CAIRO DECLARATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Recalling the prime movers and noble objectives of the glorious religion of Islam which emphasizes the need for, and importance of, human rights; and mindful of the universality and comprehensive nature of the Islamic rules on human rights and the prominent place of Man.

Bearing in mind the objectives of the Charter of the OIC of promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all people without distinction as to race, sex or religion;

Recalling Resolution No. 49/19-P of the Nineteenth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers adopting and issuing the document entitled Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam; and the subsequent resolutions the latest of which was resolution No. 50/8-P (IS) of the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference on the Follow-up of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam.

Recognizing the necessity and urgency of translating the follow up of the Cairo Declaration into concrete and practical measures after a lapse of 7 years of its adoption;

Aware of the prevailing international circumstances and the necessity of strengthening the existing mechanism within the OIC for exploring ways and means to promote and protect human rights through, inter alia, the formulation of a set of Islamic covenants on human rights;

Recognizing the obligations and endeavors of the Member States to promote and protect the internationally recognized human rights while taking into account the significance of their religious, national and regional particularities and various historical and cultural backgrounds, and with due regard to the “Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam”,

1. Welcomes the unanimous decision of the Nineteenth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers to issue the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam as a general guideline for Member States in the field of human rights.

2. Recognizes the importance of following up the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam and calls upon the Governmental Expert Group, in accordance with its mandate and pursuant to the principles enshrined in the Cairo Declaration, to start the formulation and consideration of Islamic covenants on human rights in meeting in preparation for recommending their submission to the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 3. Encourages Member States to support and facilitate the realization of the mandate of the Governmental Expert Group through, inter alia, convening, in Member States and Non-Member States and in collaboration with the General Secretariat, seminars and workshops on human rights in Islam.

4. Calls upon Member States to continue their active coordination and cooperation in the field of human rights in order to strengthen Islamic solidarity against any initiative that may use human rights as a means of political pressure on any Member State.

5. Takes note of the report of the Fourth Meeting of the Governmental Expert Group on the follow up of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam and of the proposals and recommendations made therein, particularly para.7 (c), which reiterates the need to seize the opportunity of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to highlight the human rights and noble values established by Islam. It calls upon Member States to take all necessary measures to implement them, and requests the Secretary General to convene a Fifth meeting of the Governmental Expert Group during 1998 to continue the task assigned in its mandate.

6. Requests the General Secretariat to include this item in the agenda of the future sessions of the OIC; and also requests the Secretary General to submit a report on the implementation of the present resolution to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 51 /25-P

ON COORDINATION AMONG MEMBER STATES IN
THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Bearing in mind the objectives of the Charter of the OIC and the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, of promoting, encouraging and ensuring respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all in accordance with Islamic values and teachings, as well as the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant instruments;

Mindful of the universality and comprehensive nature of Islamic values with respect to human rights, the prominent place of man in Islam as vicegerent of Allah on earth and hence the great importance attached by Islamic thought to the promotion, encouragement and respect of human rights;

Noting the attempts to exploit the issue of human rights to discredit the principles of Islamic Shariah and to interfere in the affairs of Islamic States;

Stressing the need for active international cooperation for the effective realization of the right to development;

Emphasizing the need for close coordination among Member States in resisting the moves to exploit human rights for political purposes including selective targeting of individual countries for undeclared reasons,

1. Reitrates the need for continued consultation and coordination among Member States in the field of human rights especially during international Conferences and meetings on the subject.

2. Requests the Secretary General to provide ways and means to convey OIC stands on different issues in the field of human rights specially in respect of minorities, to the UN Human Rights agencies and mechanisms, in particular their Special Representatives and Rapporteurs with a view to furthering OIC positions on human rights at the U.N.

3. Also requests the Secretary General to designate a Contact Group with the relevant international organizations, in particular, at the U.N. headquarters in New York and Geneva, with the mandate of holding meetings on appropriate occasions, to consider and discuss human rights issues with a view to adopting, if possible, a common position among Member States on the matters under consideration.

4. Calls for the necessary vigilance and caution towards any attempts at misrepresenting and undermining the Islamic Shariah.

5. Requests the Secretary General to implement this resolution and report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 52 /25-P

ON THE STATUS OF SIGNATURE AND RATIFICATION
OF THE AGREEMENTS CONCLUDED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE OIC.

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Having considered the Status of signature, ratification, and accession to the Agreements concluded under the auspices of the Organization of the Islamic Conference;

Noting that the necessary quorum of ratifications by Member States for the coming into force of many of these Agreements is not yet reached in accordance with the provisions of their Statutes; and the importance of expediting this process for strengthening the role of the OIC and expanding the fields of cooperation among Member States,

1. Urges the Member States to sign and/or ratify, as soon as possible, the various agreements concluded in the framework of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

2. Requests the Secretary General to ensure the implementation of this resolution and submit a report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

RESOLUTION NO. 53 /25-P

ON THE CONVENING OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE U.N. TO DEFINE TERRORISM
AND DISTINGUISH IT FROM PEOPLES’ STRUGGLE FOR NATIONAL LIBERATION.

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Committed to the moral and human principles that the OIC Member States believe in, and inspired by their sublime and tolerant religion; their heritage and tradition which call for the rejection of all forms of injustice, aggression and intolerance;

Convinced that there is an international consensus on combating terrorism in all its forms; and on eliminating the causes of terrorism which endangers the life and property of innocent people, violates the sovereignty of States, and jeopardizes the rights of peoples;

Recognizing the need for specific and agreed upon international criteria, to enable the international community to differentiate clearly between terrorism and peoples’ struggle for national liberation;

Stressing the need for Islamic cooperation in taking practical measures to combat and prevent terrorism effectively within the framework of the provisions of the Code of Conduct for combatting international terrorism, approved by the Seventh Session of the Islamic Summit Conference in its Resolution 43/7-P (IS);

Reaffirming the fundamental and legitimate rights of all peoples struggling under the yoke of colonialist and racist regimes as well as under foreign occupation to fight occupation and determine their own future, particularly the struggle of national liberation movements;

Condemning all terrorist acts, including those perpetrated by States, directly or indirectly, which spread violence and terror and aim at destabilizing countries and communities;

Denouncing the frantic attempts aimed at obliterating the clear distinction between terrorism and the legitimate struggle of peoples which conforms with the principles of international law and the provisions of the Charters of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference and the United nations.

Noting the classifications adopted by some quarters on the basis of biased political considerations according to which a number of Islamic States are listed among the so called states which sponsor terrorism;

Recalling U.N. General Assembly Resolution 1514 (1960) on granting the right of self-determination and independence to colonised countries and peoples, and U.N. General Assembly Resolution 42/104, adopted on 7 December 1987;

Also recalling Resolution No. 53/8-P(IS) adopted by the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit and the Resolution No. 44/24-P adopted by the Twenty-fourth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers,

1. Reiterates its support for convening an International Conference under the auspices of the United Nations to define terrorism and distinguish it from the struggle of peoples for national liberation.

2. Invites Member States to stress the need for convening an International Conference to determine the meaning of terrorism, and to distinguish terrorism from the struggle of peoples for national liberation.

3. Requests the Secretary General to ensure the implementation of this resolution and submit a report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 54/25-P

ON THE FOLLOW-UP OF THE CODE
OF CONDUCT FOR COMBATING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Recalling the Resolution 43/7-P (IS) of the Seventh Session of the Islamic Summit, which approved the Code of Conduct for combating international terrorism; and resolution 54/8-P(IS) of the Eighth Session of the Summit Conference on the follow-up of the Code of Conduct for combating international terrorism;

Also recalling the U.N. Resolution No. 49/60 relating to the Declaration of principles on the fight against international terrorism;

Reaffirming the determination to combat terrorist acts in all their forms and manifestations, including those where States are involved directly or indirectly;

Reiterating the commitment to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, to eliminate the objectives and causes of terrorism directed against the life and property of innocent people and the sovereignty, territorial integrity, stability and security of States, and to uphold the provisions of the Code of Conduct for combatting international terrorism, which reaffirm this commitment;

Emphasizing the importance of international and regional cooperation, especially among Member States, including coordination and exchange of informaion among their competent authorities in combating effectively all forms of terrorism;

Reiterating its call to Member States to observe the principles of good neighbourliness and non-intervention in the internal affairs of States and to prevent the use of their territories by individuals or groups for the perpetration of territorist acts against other Member States;

Emphasizing the importance of establishing a climate of confidence and solidarity among Member States;

Alarmed at the continuing acts of violence and the increasing level of atrocities accompanying them specially those targeting foreign tourists recently;

Strongly condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations including state terrorism against all States and peoples;

Conscious of the negative repercussions of all forms of terrorism on the image of Islam,

1. Declares that Islam is innocent of all forms of terrorism which involve the murder of innocent people whose killing is forbidden by Allah.

2. Strongly condemns the perpetrators of such odious crimes, who pretend to act in the name of Islam or under any other pretext.

3. Calls upon all states not to grant asylum to these terrorists, and to take all necessary measures to help bring them to justice.

4. Affirms the determination of Member States to concert their efforts to combat all forms and manifestations of terrorism, including state terrorism against all states and peoples.

5. Reaffirms that the struggle of peoples under colonialist or alien domination or under foreign occupation, for their national liberation or to regain their right to self-determination, does not constitute an act of terrorism.

6. Reaffirms the commitment of Member States to the provisions of the Code of Conduct for Combating International Terrorism especially those reaffirming their commitment to refrain from undertaking, attempting or participating in any way in financing, instigating or supporting any acts of terrorism, directly or indirectly and also those urging them to take all necessary measures to ensure that their territories are not used as a base for planning, organizing, executing, initiating or participating in any terrorist activity.

7. Calls upon OIC Member States to make every effort to enhance their cooperation, in accordance with their internal laws and relevant international arrangements and conventions, in countering and combating terrorist acts, prosecuting their perpetrators or handing them over to their respective countries or to the state where the act had been committed, in accordance with their bilateral agreements and arrangements as well as cooperation in the fields of exchange of relevant information on terrorists and their activities.

8. Calls upon Member States to follow-up the Code of Conduct for combating Terrorism, and to coordinate their stands and cooperate in the light of the principles and provisions stipulated in the Code of Conduct within all the international conferences and fora concerned with international terrorism.

9. Takes note of the report of the Group of Governmental Experts on its Second Meeting held in Cairo from 22 to 24 February 1998 in accordance with Resolution 54/8-P(IS) and approves the recommendations contained in the report of the Group on the framework for a Draft Convention of the OIC for combating international terrorism and decides to entrust the OIC General Secretariat to prepare the aforementioned draft Convention which will be based on the framework and to circulate it to the Member States in order to enable the Group of governmental experts to consider it in its forthcoming meeting and submit its report to the Twenty-Sixth Session of the ICFM.

10. Requests the Secretary General to follow-up the implementation of this resolution in close cooperation with Member States, and to submit a report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 55/25-P

ON THE STRENGTHENING OF ISLAMIC SOLIDARITY
IN COMBATING HIJACKING

 

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Recalling the Resolutions adopted by the different Sessions of the Islamic Summit and Foreign Ministers Conferences, the latest of which is the resolution No. 55/8-P(IS) adopted by the Eighth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference;

Taking into consideration that the hijacking of aircraft and the anguish caused to innocent passengers is a crime as grave as highway robbery which is prohibited by the Islamic Shariah in accordance with the text of the Holy Quran (Surat Al-Maida/33);

Noting that the crimes of hijacking aircraft have continued in spite of all international agreements and conventions prohibiting them and calling for more severe sanctions against hijacking;

Affirming that acts of violence against innocent passengers in addition to the dread, terror and suffering caused to them and to their relatives and their exposure to unjustified physical and mental torture are contrary to the provisions of Islamic Shariah;

Having considered the report of the Secretary General on the strengthening of Islamic solidarity in combating hijacking;

Conscious of the need for full observance of the international conventions against hijacking,

1. Condemns all forms of international terrorism including the crime of aerial hijacking and unlawful acts against the safety and security of civil aviation.

2. Calls on Member States to refrain from yielding to the demands of hijackers, which constitute a form of extortion contrary to the interests and laws of the peoples and countries of the OIC.

3. Calls upon Member States to take all necessary measures to curb such crimes and inflict the most severe punishments on the offenders involved in them, or to hand these over to the other States concerned.

4. Calls upon Member States which have not yet acceded to or ratified, the Tokyo Convention (1963), the Hague Convention (1970) and the Montreal Convention (1971) on penalties for hijacking and guarantees for the security and safety of civil aviation, to expedite such ratification and accession and urges the States that have already acceded to these Conventions to strictly and firmly implement their provisions.

5. Calls upon all Member States on whose territories hijacked planes land to exert utmost efforts to foil the designs of the hijackers in accordance with international laws in this regard and, in cooperation with the country owning the aircraft in accordance with the relevant international agreements.

6. Requests the Member States facing such situations to provide necessary assistance to the passengers, crew members, aircraft and countries owning these in accordance with the provisions of international agreements.

7. Requests the Secretary General to follow up the implementation of this resolution and to submit a report thereon to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

 

RESOLUTION NO. 56 /25-P

ON THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE ORGANISATION OF THE
ISLAMIC CONFERENCE ON THE OCCASION OF
THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

The Twenty-fifth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session for a better future for the Peoples of the Islamic Ummah), held in Doha, State of Qatar, from 17 to 19 Dhul Quida 1418H (15-17 March 1998),

Recalling United Nations General Assembly Resolution No.51/88 as well as the Commission on Human Rights Resolutions No. 1996/42 and 1997/35, regarding the commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;

Reaffirming the resolutions adopted by the Summit Conference and the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers’ on the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, and coordination among Member States on Human Rights;

Also recalling the recommendations made in the Report of the Fourth Meeting of the Group of Governmental Experts on follow up of the Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam particularly paragraph 7(C) contained in document HR-4/97/Rep.1/Final, reiterating the need to seize the occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to highlight the human rights and noble values established by Islam fourteen centuries before any positive covenants,

1. Calls upon the members of the international community on the occasion of the commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to reiterate their commitment to the universally accepted principles as follows:

(a) The international community must treat human rights in a fair way and without discrimination. To this end, the significance of national and regional particularities and of various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds must be respected;

(b) The right to development and decent living is a universal and inalienable right and an integral part of fundamental human rights, which should be firmly established and fully realized through international cooperation and the creation of a favourable international economic environment, without hegemony or the imposition of policies of coercion or starvation on Member States;

  (c) The exploitation of human rights for political and economic motives is contrary to the purposes and principles of the Charter of Untied Nations in particular the recognition and full respect of the principles of inviolability of the sovereignty and independence of states, and of non-interference in their internal affairs pursuant to the spirit and objectives of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

(d) The principles of objectivity, non selectivity and transparency, in the promotion of Human Rights, are of paramount importance;

(e) The strengthening of international cooperation and the building of a consensus through genuine dialogue instead of confrontation is essential for the effective promotion and protection of all human rights;

(f) Recognition and full respect of the major legal systems in the world, including the Islamic jurisprudence, is essential for the promotion of the universal and comprehensive understanding of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

(g) Preparation of booklets in Arabic, English and French containing the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam with an explanatory note for authentication;

2- Decides to hold serious consultations amongst Member States in Geneva to develop a common position, in 1998, taking into account the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam as well as the principles set out in the present resolution, in the discussions due to take place on the sideline of the forthcoming 54th Session of the Commission on Human Rights.

3- Requests the OIC Secretary General to communicate this resolution and its contents to the United Nations Secretary General and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

4- Requests the Secretary General to take all necessary measures for the implementation of the present resolution and submit a report on the subject to the Twenty-sixth Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

 

Back